|Image by Julia M Cameron|
The greeting is an expression that we say or do when we meet or see someone. There are two types of greeting: formal greeting and informal greeting. We use formal greetings if we meet someone we do not know well or older than us. Instead, we use informal greetings if we meet close friends or someone who is the same age as us.
1. Formal Greetings
|Good morning.||Good morning.|
|Good afternoon.||Good afternoon.|
|Good evening.||Good evening.|
|How do you do?||How do you do?|
|Nice to meet you.||Nice to meet you, too.|
|Good to meet you.||Good to meet you, too.|
|Pleased to meet you.||Pleased to meet you, too.|
Aisyah greets Akram, a new student at her school. In this case, she uses a formal greeting because she doesn’t know the new student well.
Aisyah: Good morning, my name is Aisyah. What is your name?
Akram: Good morning, my name is Akram. Are you a new student?
Aisyah: Yes, I am. I’m in VII E, and you?
Akram: I'm in VII E, too. Then we are classmates!
Aisyah: Yes, we are. Sorry, I have to go now. Nice to meet you, Akram.
Akram: Nice to meet you, too.
2. Informal Greetings
|How are you?||I’m fine, thanks.|
|How are you doing?||I'm very well, thanks.|
|How is life?||Not bad, thanks.|
Naila meets Tata, her old friend in elementary school. in this case, she uses an informal greeting because Tata is her close friend.
Naila: Hi, Tata. How are you doing?
Tata: The same as usual. How about you?
Naila: I’m pretty busy at school these days, but everything is great.
Tata: Do you want to hang out with me?
Naila: That sounds good. But sorry, I have to go to the office now. Bye. See you.
Tata: See you.
Leave-taking is usually used if we part with someone we know. It is also divided into formal and informal forms.
1. Formal Leave Takings
|Formal Leave Takings||Responses|
|Good night.||Good night.|
|Nice to see you.||Nice to see you, too.|
|it’s nice to meet you.||Nice to meet you, too.|
Teacher: Good morning, Aisyah. How are you?
Aisyah: I'm very well, thank you.
Teacher: What are you doing here in the hospital?
Aisyah: I'm going to visit my neighbor. She has just delivered a baby.
Teacher: I see. Are you alone?
Aisyah: No, I’m with my mom. There she comes. I’m sorry, I have to go now. Goodbye, sir.
Teacher: Goodbye, Aisyah. See you at school tomorrow.
2. Informal Leave Takings
|Informal Leave Takings||Responses|
|See you later.||See you.|
|See you tomorrow.||See you.|
|Take care.||You too.|
Naila: How are you doing?
Tata: I am doing well, and you?
Naila: Fine, thanks. By the way, what are you doing?
Tata: I am doing my homework. Have you finished it?
Naila: Not yet. I will do it soon. What time is it?
Tata: It is 7 p.m.
Naila: I must go now. See you tomorrow at school.
Tata: See you.